Word Category Abbreviations

 

Here is a list of all word category abbreviations in the dictionary, and what they mean:

 

adj adjective describes a following noun
adv adverb describes a verb
clas classifier makes a new noun from a noun or other word category
con connector joins clauses, phrases or sentences
dem demonstrative points to or shows which noun is talked about
der derivational word makes a new noun from a noun or other word category
ind indefinite shows a noun introduced for the first time
mod modifier describes a noun before the equal sign verb na ‘is, be’
n noun a person, animal, place, thing, or idea
num number tells how many of a noun there are
part particle word or affix that has a special use
prep preposition introduces a noun phrase that describes a previous action
pron.o pronoun after preposition takes the place of a noun after apreposition
pron.pos.a distant (alienable) possessive pronoun takes the place of a possessor noun possessing a detachable noun
pron.pos.ia close (inalienable) possessive pronoun takes the place of a possessor noun possessing a body part or relative
pron.rf reflexive pronoun takes the place of a noun that does and receives the action
pron.s/o pronoun a pronoun before or following a verb that takes the place of a noun subject or object
quan quantity describes the amount of a noun
ques question word asks a question
v.d detransitive verb a transitive or intransitive verb used as an intransitive verb
v.i intranstive verb a verb that does not have an object
v.t transitive verb a verb that can have an object

 


Note: In the English definitions all references to he, him, his etc. should also be taken to refer to she, her, hers etc.